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Kolossi Medieval Castle

With an imposing view, counting numerous historical events that have marked the past of the city and the island, the famous, made by stone, fortress, is located in the community of Kolossi, on the western district of Limassol. It’s considered to be one of the most important fortifications of the medieval period and one of the greatest feuds of the time, since in its valley there were endless plantations of vineyards, olive groves, carobs and sugar canes.

The castle is directly connected with the presence of the Knights, Templars and Hospitallers, on the island, while its history begins many centuries ago, from the early years of the 13th century. Specifically, it is dated that the castle was built during the Frankish period, when King Hugo I, gave the land to the Order of Knights of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem (Hospitallers).

At that time, the Hospitallers and the Templars, transferred their base to Limassol, and so the castle were passing from one battalion to the other, consecutively. However, in 1310 AD, the castle was once again passed to the authority of Hospitallers, who held on the island the supreme Commandarie military force, headquartered in Kolossi. After the catastrophic attacks it suffered, the castle was restored in 1454 AD by Commander Louis de Magnac, taking its present form.

Today, the castle has a height of 21 meters and consists of 3 floors. Around the building, the ruins of the original building are distinguished, while on the east, you can find the remains of the sugar factory that existed at that time. Still, the ruins of the castle, the watermill, and the place where the successors of the fortress used to throw hot oil, or water, into the enemy, can be seen.

The Medieval Castle, a fortress impregnable for so many centuries in the area, is today one of the most important historical monuments, now owned by the Department of Antiquities of the Republic.

Source of information: Kolossi Community Council, Department of Antiquities
Photos: Pattichion Municipal Museum - Historical Archive - Limassol Study Center

* NOTE: The articles of the Project "History of Limassol" present information that has emerged from historical research thus far. Any new data is embedded into the articles, once it has been confirmed.

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